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The American Eskimo Dog is a breed of spitz-type dog that originated in Germany. It is a medium-sized utility and companion dog, primarily kept for its white coat and alertness. Highly active and intelligent, the American Eskimo Dog has been used as an excellent watchdog and show dog since it was first recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1895.

This article provides an overview of this distinctive breed, including its physical characteristics, temperament, history, health issues, care requirements and more.

The American Eskimo Dog is part of the Spitz family which includes breeds such as the Alaskan Malamute, Samoyed, Norwegian Elkhound and Pomeranian. These dogs are characterized by their thick double coats with a dense undercoat and profuse outer coat that can be straight or slightly wavy.

They have wedge-shaped heads with erect ears on top and bushy tails carried over their backs when they move or stand still. The eyes may be brown or blue depending on the color of their fur. On average, males reach 18 inches at the shoulder while females usually grow to 16 inches tall.

American Eskimo Dog looking up at the camera.

Physical Characteristics

The American Eskimo Dog is a medium-sized Spitz breed that stands between 9 to 19 inches tall and typically weighs between 15 to 35 pounds.

It has a double coat, with the outer layer being long and thick while the inner layer is soft and dense.

This breed also features a tail that curls up over its back and usually has white or cream colored fur all around its body.

This dog breed is known for having socializing traits as well as strong grooming habits.

They are very friendly towards other pets in their household environment, making them great family dogs.

In terms of grooming needs, they require regular brushing sessions about two to three times per week so that their coats remain healthy and free from tangles and mats.

Additionally, owners should trim nails regularly to prevent discomfort when walking on hard surfaces.

All in all, this breed’s needs are not too difficult to manage but still require dedication from an owner who can provide plenty of love and attention to keep it happy.


The American Eskimo Dog is known for its even temperament and intelligence. As with most breeds, it requires regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. It possesses a strong work ethic, makes an excellent watchdog, and loves to be around people.

This breed has moderate grooming needs; shedding occurs twice a year but can also occur during periods of high stress or excitement. The coat should be brushed regularly to prevent tangling and matting.

Overall, the American Eskimo Dog is an intelligent and affectionate breed that will do best in homes where it gets plenty of physical activity as well as mental stimulation. Although these dogs are agreeable when left alone for short periods of time, they may become agitated if left isolated too often or for prolonged periods of time.

They respond better to positive reinforcement training methods than harsh corrections. With the right environment and care, this breed can make a wonderful family companion that enjoys living life to the fullest!


The American Eskimo Dog is a breed with an interesting history, full of origin myths and breeding standards. Like many breeds, the truth behind their roots may never be fully known or understood. However, that doesn’t stop us from delving into this mysterious past to learn more about them:

  • Breeding Standards:

The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the American Eskimo Dog in 1995 as part of its Non-Sporting Group. Before then, they were considered a Spitz type of dog according to their physical characteristics rather than any single standard set by any one group.

  • Origin Myths:

One popular myth claims these dogs are descended from sledding dogs brought over by German immigrants in the late 19th century. Another suggests they’re related to Nordic breeds like Samoyeds and Keeshonds that made their way onto ships coming to America during World War I.

Regardless of which legend we choose to believe, it’s clear that the American Eskimo Dog has been around for some time and continues to enjoy devoted owners today.

Health Issues

American Eskimo Dogs typically require a high-quality diet with general nutrition to maintain healthy and active lifestyles. The breed has higher than average requirements for proteins, fats, minerals, and vitamins due to their energetic nature and need for muscle maintenance. These dogs should be fed two meals per day in order to meet all nutritional needs.

Socializing American Eskimo Dogs from an early age is essential for them to develop properly. Exposure to different people, animals, situations, and environments helps the breed become confident and well-rounded companions throughout its life span. Proper socialization also helps reduce fearfulness or aggressive behavior in later years of development.

It’s important that owners take extra time during training sessions by using positive reinforcement techniques such as treats or praise when teaching commands or tricks. This will make it easier for the dog to learn new things quickly and establish good habits over time.

Care Requirements

The American Eskimo Dog is a medium-sized breed with an extensive history of loyal companionship and athleticism. With its thick white coat, erect ears, and compact body, this canine is as beautiful to look at as it is fun to play with. Its intelligence makes the breed eager to learn new tricks and commands while its friendly nature allows it to get along well with all members of the family.

However, despite this attractive package comes some specific care requirements that must be met in order for these dogs to stay healthy and happy.

An active lifestyle should be maintained by exercising the dog regularly; however, they do not require intense exercise regimens due to their small stature. Taking them out on walks or playing games of fetch are great ways to keep them physically fit without putting too much strain on their bodies.

Grooming needs consist primarily of regular brushing sessions which should occur every few days during shedding season, usually twice per year depending on climatic conditions in your area. Additionally, trimming nails once per month can help prevent painful splitting or cracking and routine dental checkups will ensure healthier teeth and gums over time.

By following these simple yet essential guidelines you will have a contented companion who looks forward each day to being part of your life.

American Eskimo dog

Uses And Activities

The American Eskimo Dog is a versatile breed, suitable for various activities. They are sociable and enjoy socializing with people, making them excellent companions.

The dog’s intelligence, agility and energy make it well suited for participation in agility sports such as flyball and frisbee competitions. In addition to competing in these types of events, the American Eskimo can also participate in obedience trials or herding tests.

Their thick double coat makes them ideal for protection against cold temperatures, thus allowing them to take part in winter activities such as sledding or carting. This devoted companion enjoys daily exercise including long walks, jogs, hikes and play time in an open area.

It is important that they receive proper training early on so they will be able to control their natural instinct to bark excessively when excited or challenged by another pet or person. With the right amount of physical activity along with mental stimulation this breed remains happy and healthy throughout its lifespan.


The American Eskimo Dog is a unique and beautiful breed that has an intriguing past. This pup’s white coat, alert expression, and loving nature have made it a popular choice for families across the country. While this dog may be small in stature, its heart is surely big!

The American Eskimo Dog is intelligent and loyal; however, they require regular exercise and grooming to stay healthy. With proper care and attention, these dogs can bring years of joy to their owners. Their friendly demeanor makes them great companions for children as well as adults who are looking for unconditional love from a furry friend.

Overall, the American Eskimo Dog is truly one of a kind—a true testament to what careful breeding and dedication can produce. They possess all the qualities that make canine companions so beloved: loyalty, intelligence, playfulness, and affection. For those lucky enough to own one of these pups, life will never be dull—this fascinating breed will fill every day with adventure!